Byron K Lee, MD


CLINICAL INTERESTS: Dr. Lee is a Cardiologist and a Cardiac Electrophysiologist. His main clinical interests include conduction disorders, arrhythmias, catheter ablation, implantable devices (including pacemakers, defibrillators and biventricular defibrillators), lead extraction, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, supraventricular tachycardias, ventricular tachycardias, and sudden death.

RESEARCH INTERESTS: Dr. Lee has a Masters Degree in Clinical Research. He had done research on arrhythmias after organ transplant, the effects of the TASER on the heart, ICD complications, risk stratficiation after myocardial infarction, cryoablation, and lead extraction techniques. Currently, he is the Co-PI of the VEST study, a multi-center, international randomized study to determine whether a wearable defibrillator vest can reduce the big early sudden death rate post-MI.
Master's Degree in Clinical Research, 2005 - Biostatistics and Epidemiology, UCSF
Cardiac Electrophysiology, 2001 - Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center
Cardiology, 2000 - Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center
Internal Medicine, 1997 - Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center
M.D., 1994 - School of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Honors and Awards
  • Joel Karliner Faculty Teaching Award, UCSF Division of Cardiology, 2021-2022
  • San Francisco Top Doctors List, San Francisco Magazine, 2018-2022
  • Excellence in Teaching Award, UCSF School of Medicine, 2010-2011
  • Beckett Fellow Teaching Award, Stanford University Medical Center, 1999-2000
  1. Rajyaguru C, Sandhu U, Hadjis A, Dere J, Panchal S, Ja A, Ong N, Yu S, Yu J, Lee SY, Lee BK. US Hospital Webpages on Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: A Potential Source for Misinformation. 2022. PMID: 35726747

  2. Cheung CC, Scheinman M, Lee BK. A peculiar case of palpitations and syncope. 2022. PMID: 35227417

  3. Lee SY, Allen IE, Diaz C, Guo X, Pellegrini C, Beygui R, Cardona-Guarache R, Marcus GM, Lee BK. Efficacy and mortality of rotating sheaths versus laser sheaths for transvenous lead extraction: a meta-analysis. 2021. PMID: 34839431

  4. Hughes JW, Olgin JE, Avram R, Abreau SA, Sittler T, Radia K, Hsia H, Walters T, Lee B, Gonzalez JE, Tison GH. Performance of a Convolutional Neural Network and Explainability Technique for 12-Lead Electrocardiogram Interpretation. 2021. PMID: 34347007

  5. Rosenthal DG, Lee BK, Scheinman MM. Incessant multiform ectopy in a young woman: What is the mechanism and treatment? 2021. PMID: 34474745

  6. Marcus GM, Vittinghoff E, Whitman IR, Joyce S, Yang V, Nah G, Gerstenfeld EP, Moss JD, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Vedantham V, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM, Hsia H, Gladstone R, Fan S, Lee E, Fang C, Ogomori K, Fatch R, Hahn JA. Acute Consumption of Alcohol and Discrete Atrial Fibrillation Events. 2021. PMID: 34461028

  7. Guo X, Li Z, Zhou Y, Yu S, Yang H, Sun G, Zheng L, Lee BK, Pletcher MJ, Sun Y. Corrected QT Interval Is Associated With Stroke but Not Coronary Heart Disease: Insights From a General Chinese Population. 2021. PMID: 34368239

  8. Im SI, Voskoboinik A, Lee A, Higuchi S, Moss JD, Hsia H, Tseng ZH, Lee R, Marcus GM, Vedantham V, Scheinman M, Lee B, Park KM, Gerstenfeld EP. Predictors of Long-term Success after Catheter Ablation of Premature Ventricular Complexes. 2021. PMID: 34041816

  9. Sharma S, Lee BK, Garg A, Peyton R, Schuler BT, Mason P, Delnoy PP, Gallagher MM, Hariharan R, Schaerf R, Du R, Serratore ND, Starck CT. Performance and outcomes of transvenous rotational lead extraction: Results from a prospective, monitored, international clinical study. 2021. PMID: 34113913

  10. Marcus GM, Dukes JW, Vittinghoff E, Nah G, Badhwar N, Moss JD, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Walters TE, Vedantham V, Gladstone R, Fan S, Lee E, Fang C, Ogomori K, Hue T, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM, Hsia H, Ramchandani VA, Gerstenfeld EP. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Intravenous Alcohol to Assess Changes in Atrial Electrophysiology. 2021. PMID: 33516710

  11. Oesterle A, Lee AC, Voskoboinik A, Moss JD, Vedantham V, Walters TE, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Gerstenfeld EP, Scheinman MM. Electrophysiologic approach to diagnosis and ablation of patients with permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia associated with complex anatomy and/or physiology. 2020. PMID: 33107135

  12. Guo X, Hayward RM, Vittinghoff E, Lee SY, Harris IS, Pletcher MJ, Lee BK. Safety of transvenous lead removal in adult congenital heart disease: a national perspective. 2020. PMID: 33127317

  13. Sheng IY, Diaz-Montero CM, Rayman P, Wei W, Finke JH, Kim JS, Pavicic PG, Lamenza M, Company D, Stephenson A, Campbell S, Haber G, Lee B, Mian O, Gilligan TD, Rini BI, Garcia JA, Grivas P, Ornstein MC. Blood Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells Correlate with Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Overall Survival in Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma. 2020. PMID: 32207064

  14. Cheung CC, Olgin JE, Lee BK. Wearable cardioverter-defibrillators: A review of evidence and indications. 2020. PMID: 32205034

  15. Olgin JE, Lee BK, Vittinghoff E, Morin DP, Zweibel S, Rashba E, Chung EH, Borggrefe M, Hulley S, Lin F, Hue TF, Pletcher MJ. Impact of Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Compliance on Outcomes in the VEST Trial: As-Treated and Per-Protocol Analyses. 2020. PMID: 32083365

  16. Voskoboinik A, Hadjis A, Alhede C, Im SI, Park H, Moss J, Marcus GM, Hsia H, Lee B, Tseng Z, Lee R, Scheinman M, Vedantham V, Vittinghoff E, Park KM, Gerstenfeld EP. Predictors of Adverse Outcome in Patients with Frequent Premature Ventricular Complexes: the ABC-VT Risk Score. 2020. PMID: 32109563

  17. Diaz CL, Guo X, Whitman IR, Marcus GM, Pellegrini CN, Beygui RE, Lee SY, Lee BK. Reported mortality with rotating sheaths vs. laser sheaths for transvenous lead extraction. 2019. PMID: 31545350

  18. Fisher JD, Welt FG, Villines TC, Truesdell AG, Young MN, Lakkireddy D, Lee BK. Impact of New Guidelines of Unscheduled and Scheduled Sedation for Cardiologists: JACC Council Perspectives. 2019. PMID: 31514954

  19. Nazer B, Walters TE, Dewland TA, Naniwadekar A, Koruth JS, Najeeb Osman M, Intini A, Chen M, Biermann J, Steinfurt J, Kalman JM, Tanel RE, Lee BK, Badhwar N, Gerstenfeld EP, Scheinman MM. Variable Presentations and Ablation Sites for Manifest Nodoventricular/Nodofascicular Fibers. 2019. PMID: 31505948

  20. Rosenthal DG, Parwani P, Murray TO, Petek BJ, Benn BS, De Marco T, Gerstenfeld EP, Janmohamed M, Klein L, Lee BK, Moss JD, Scheinman MM, Hsia HH, Selby V, Koth LL, Pampaloni MH, Zikherman J, Vedantham V. Long-Term Corticosteroid-Sparing Immunosuppression for Cardiac Sarcoidosis. 2019. PMID: 31538835

  21. Sandhu U, Rajyaguru C, Cheung CC, Morin DP, Lee BK. The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator vest: Indications and ongoing questions. 2019. PMID: 31077726

  22. Lee BK, Pletcher MJ, Olgin JE. Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator after Myocardial Infarction. 2019. PMID: 30726697

  23. Olgin JE, Pletcher MJ, Vittinghoff E, Wranicz J, Malik R, Morin DP, Zweibel S, Buxton AE, Elayi CS, Chung EH, Rashba E, Borggrefe M, Hue TF, Maguire C, Lin F, Simon JA, Hulley S, Lee BK. Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator after Myocardial Infarction. 2018. PMID: 30280654

  24. Szilágyi J, Walters TE, Marcus GM, Vedantham V, Moss JD, Badhwar N, Lee B, Lee R, Tseng ZH, Gerstenfeld EP. Surface ECG and intracardiac spectral measures predict atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation. 2018. PMID: 30016007

  25. Almassi N, Gao T, Lee B, Stein RJ, Haber GP, Ornstein MC, Rini BI, Gilligan TD, Garcia JA, Stephenson AJ, Grivas P. Impact of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy on Pathologic Response in Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Undergoing Extirpative Surgery. 2018. PMID: 30217764

  26. Shah MM, Lee BK, Goldschlager N. Crushing Heartbreak. 2018. PMID: 30359119

  27. Vijayaraman P, Chung MK, Dandamudi G, Upadhyay GA, Krishnan K, Crossley G, Bova Campbell K, Lee BK, Refaat MM, Saksena S, Fisher JD, Lakkireddy D. His Bundle Pacing. 2018. PMID: 30115232

  28. Guo X, Hayward RM, Vittinghoff E, Liu Y, Lee SY, Pletcher MJ, Lee BK. Safety of Transvenous Lead Removal in Patients =70 Years of Age in the United States from 2005 to 2012. 2018. PMID: 30053999

  29. Emamekhoo H, Dhillon P, Gopalakrishnan D, Elson P, Stephenson A, Magi-Galluzzi C, McKenney J, Harper H, Haber GP, Kaouk J, Lee B, Fergany A, Berglund R, Gong M, Stein R, Krishnamurthi V, Gilligan T, Ornstein M, Rini B, Garcia J, Grivas P. Prognostic Factors and Risk Stratification in Invasive Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma. 2018. PMID: 29551583

  30. Li K, Vo K, Lee BK, Addo N, Coralic Z. Effect of a single dose of i.v. ondansetron on QTc interval in emergency department patients. 2018. PMID: 29317399

  31. Zabor EC, Furberg H, Lee B, Campbell S, Lane BR, Thompson RH, Antonio EC, Noyes SL, Zaid H, Jaimes EA, Russo P. Long-Term Renal Function Recovery following Radical Nephrectomy for Kidney Cancer: Results from a Multicenter Confirmatory Study. 2017. PMID: 29066363

  32. Zahoor H, Elson P, Stephenson A, Haber GP, Kaouk J, Fergany A, Lee B, Koshkin V, Ornstein M, Gilligan T, Garcia JA, Rini B, Grivas P. Patient Characteristics, Treatment Patterns and Prognostic Factors in Squamous Cell Bladder Cancer. 2017. PMID: 29154041

  33. Guo X, Vittinghoff E, Vedantham V, Pletcher MJ, Lee BK. Trends in Hospitalizations for Cardiac Sarcoidosis in the United States, 2005-2011. 2017. PMID: 28904267

  34. Lee BK, Marcus GM. For cryoballoon ablation, time to effect is time well spent. 2017. PMID: 28713025

  35. Szilágyi J, Marcus GM, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Walters T, Scheinman M, Olgin J, Gerstenfeld EP. Atrial fibrillation patients with isolated pulmonary veins: Is sinus rhythm achievable? Volume 28 of Issue 7. 2017. PMID: 28429499

  36. Kalscheur MM, Saxon LA, Lee BK, Steinberg JS, Mei C, Buhr KA, DeMets DL, Bristow MR, Singh SN. Outcomes of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with intermittent atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter in the COMPANION trial. 2017. PMID: 28323173

  37. Whitman IR, Gladstone RA, Badhwar N, Hsia HH, Lee BK, Josephson SA, Meisel KM, Dillon WP, Hess CP, Gerstenfeld EP, Marcus GM. Brain Emboli After Left Ventricular Endocardial Ablation. 2017. PMID: 28119381

  38. Nguyen KT, Gladstone RA, Dukes JW, Nazer B, Vittinghoff E, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Gerstenfeld EP, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM, Marcus GM. The QT Interval as a Noninvasive Marker of Atrial Refractoriness. Volume 39 of Issue 12. 2016. PMID: 27753113

  39. Lee BK, Olgin JE. The Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator: Is It Now the Standard of Care? Volume 134 of Issue 9. 2016. PMID: 27572878

  40. Kawamura M, Scheinman MM, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Marcus GM, Badhwar N. Comparison of remote magnetic navigation ablation and manual ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia after failed manual ablation. Volume 48 of Issue 1. 2016. PMID: 27314679

  41. Brooks GC, Lee BK, Rao R, Lin F, Morin DP, Zweibel SL, Buxton AE, Pletcher MJ, Vittinghoff E, Olgin JE. Predicting Persistent Left Ventricular Dysfunction Following Myocardial Infarction: The PREDICTS Study. Volume 67 of Issue 10. 2016. PMID: 26965540

  42. Hoffmayer KS, Lee BK, Vedantham V, Bhimani AA, Cakulev IT, Mackall JA, Sahadevan J, Rho RW, Scheinman MM. Response to letter regarding article, "variable clinical features and ablation of manifest nodofascicular/ventricular pathways". 2015. PMID: 26286312

  43. Ito H, Kawamura M, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Gerstenfeld EP, Scheinman MM. The Effect of Direct Current Stimulation versus T-Wave Shock on Defibrillation Threshold Testing. Volume 38 of Issue 10. 2015. PMID: 26137999

  44. Hoffmayer KS, Lee BK, Vedantham V, Bhimani AA, Cakulev IT, Mackall JA, Sahadevan J, Rho RW, Scheinman MM. Variable clinical features and ablation of manifest nodofascicular/ventricular pathways. 2014. PMID: 25472957

  45. Psotka MA, Lee BK. Atrial fibrillation: antiarrhythmic therapy. 2014. PMID: 25234389

  46. Singh DK, Viswanathan MN, Tanel RE, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Marcus GM, Olgin JE, Han F, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Pellegrini C, Kawamura M, Gerstenfeld EP, Badhwar N, Scheinman M. His overdrive pacing during supraventricular tachycardia: a novel maneuver for distinguishing atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. Volume 11 of Issue 8. 2014. PMID: 24793458

  47. Kawamura M, Badhwar N, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Olgin JE, Gerstenfeld EP, Scheinman MM. Coupling interval dispersion and body mass index are independent predictors of idiopathic premature ventricular complex-induced cardiomyopathy. Volume 25 of Issue 7. 2014. PMID: 24612052

  48. Stepanyan G, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Vedantham V, Olgin J, Scheinman M, Gerstenfeld EP. Safety of new oral anticoagulants for patients undergoing atrial fibrillation ablation. Volume 40 of Issue 1. 2014. PMID: 24643666

  49. Goldberger JJ, Basu A, Boineau R, Buxton AE, Cain ME, Canty JM, Chen PS, Chugh SS, Costantini O, Exner DV, Kadish AH, Lee B, Lloyd-Jones D, Moss AJ, Myerburg RJ, Olgin JE, Passman R, Stevenson WG, Tomaselli GF, Zareba W, Zipes DP, Zoloth L. Risk stratification for sudden cardiac death: a plan for the future. Volume 129 of Issue 4. 2014. PMID: 24470473

  50. Hsu JC, Badhwar N, Gerstenfeld EP, Lee RJ, Mandyam MC, Dewland TA, Imburgia KE, Hoffmayer KS, Vedantham V, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Randomized trial of conventional transseptal needle versus radiofrequency energy needle puncture for left atrial access (the TRAVERSE-LA study). Volume 2 of Issue 5. 2013. PMID: 24045120

  51. Soleimani Rahbar A, Hsu JC, Han FT, Nguyen N, Kwon M, Azadani PN, Marcus GM, Lee BK. Trainee inexperience is associated with longer procedure times but no increase in complications for cardiac device implantation. 2013. PMID: 24016696

  52. Rahbar AS, Azadani PN, Thatipelli S, Fleischmann KE, Nguyen N, Lee BK. Risk factors and prognosis for clot formation on cardiac device leads. 2013. PMID: 23844971

  53. Azadani PN, Soleimanirahbar A, Marcus GM, Haight TJ, Hollenberg M, Olgin JE, Lee BK. Asymptomatic Left Bundle Branch Block Predicts New-Onset Congestive Heart Failure and Death From Cardiovascular Diseases. Volume 3 of Issue 6. 2012. PMID: 28352414

  54. Long JA, Lee B, Eyraud R, Autorino R, Hillyer S, Stein RJ, Kaouk JH, Haber GP. Robotic partial nephrectomy: imperative vs elective indications. 2012. PMID: 23021664

  55. Sung RK, Massie BM, Varosy PD, Moore H, Rumsfeld J, Lee BK, Keung E. Long-term electrical survival analysis of Riata and Riata ST silicone leads: National Veterans Affairs experience. 2012. PMID: 22871583

  56. Mandyam MC, Vedantham V, Scheinman MM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Gerstenfeld EP, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Alcohol and vagal tone as triggers for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Volume 110 of Issue 3. 2012. PMID: 22521307

  57. Hsu JC, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Vedantham V, Tseng ZH, Marcus GM. Predictors of fluoroscopy time and procedural failure during biventricular device implantation. Volume 110 of Issue 2. 2012. PMID: 22483384

  58. Long JA, Yakoubi R, Lee B, Guillotreau J, Autorino R, Laydner H, Eyraud R, Stein RJ, Kaouk JH, Haber GP. Robotic versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for complex tumors: comparison of perioperative outcomes. 2012. PMID: 22464543

  59. Soleimanirahbar A, Lee BK. The TASER safety controversy. 2011. PMID: 22029461

  60. Azadani PN, Tseng ZH, Ermakov S, Marcus GM, Lee BK. Funding source and author affiliation in TASER research are strongly associated with a conclusion of device safety. Volume 162 of Issue 3. 2011. PMID: 21884872

  61. Hsu JC, Friday J, Lee BK, Azadani PN, Lee RJ, Badhwar N, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Predictors of axillary vein location for vascular access during pacemaker and defibrillator lead implantation. Volume 34 of Issue 12. 2011. PMID: 21819433

  62. Goldberger JJ, Buxton AE, Cain M, Costantini O, Exner DV, Knight BP, Lloyd-Jones D, Kadish AH, Lee B, Moss A, Myerburg R, Olgin J, Passman R, Rosenbaum D, Stevenson W, Zareba W, Zipes DP. Risk stratification for arrhythmic sudden cardiac death: identifying the roadblocks. Volume 123 of Issue 21. 2011. PMID: 21632516

  63. Hoffmayer KS, Yang Y, Joseph S, McCabe JM, Bhave P, Hsu J, Ng RK, Lee BK, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Narayan SM, Marcus GM, Scheinman MM. Predictors of unusual ECG characteristics in cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter ablation. Volume 34 of Issue 10. 2011. PMID: 21605144

  64. Azadani PN, Kumar UN, Yang Y, Scheinman MM, Hoopes CW, Marcus GM, Rifkin C, Olgin JE, Lee BK. Frequency of atrial flutter after adult lung transplantation. Volume 107 of Issue 6. 2011. PMID: 21247524

  65. Yang Y, Varma N, Badhwar N, Tanel RE, Sundara S, Lee RJ, Lee BK, Tseng ZH, Marcus GM, Kim AM, Olgin JE, Scheinman MM. Prospective observations in the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of intra-isthmus reentry. Volume 21 of Issue 10. 2010. PMID: 20455984

  66. Lee BK. Approach to Cardiac Device Malfunction. 2010. PMID: 28770760

  67. Bhave PD, Lee BK. The Path Less Taken. 2010. PMID: 28770762

  68. Nguyen DT, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Badhwar N. Ventricular Tachycardia After Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement. Volume 2 of Issue 2. 2010. PMID: 28770763

  69. Marcus GM, Smith LM, Ordovas K, Scheinman MM, Kim AM, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Lee BK, Olgin JE. Intracardiac and extracardiac markers of inflammation during atrial fibrillation. Volume 7 of Issue 2. 2009. PMID: 20022819

  70. Hsu JC, Tanel RE, Lee BK, Scheinman MM, Badhwar N, Lee RJ, Tseng ZH, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Differences in accessory pathway location by sex and race. Volume 7 of Issue 1. 2009. PMID: 19914144

  71. Sakhuja R, Smith LM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Test characteristics of neck fullness and witnessed neck pulsations in the diagnosis of typical AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. Volume 32 of Issue 8. 2009. PMID: 19479968

  72. Saxon LA, Olshansky B, Volosin K, Steinberg JS, Lee BK, Tomassoni G, Guarnieri T, Rao A, Yong P, Galle E, Leigh J, Ecklund F, Bristow MR. Influence of left ventricular lead location on outcomes in the COMPANION study. 2009. PMID: 19298563

  73. Lee BK, Vittinghoff E, Whiteman D, Park M, Lau LL, Tseng ZH. Relation of Taser (electrical stun gun) deployment to increase in in-custody sudden deaths. Volume 103 of Issue 6. 2009. PMID: 19268749

  74. Kim AM, Turakhia M, Lu J, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Marcus GM, Tseng ZH, Scheinman M, Olgin JE. Impact of remote magnetic catheter navigation on ablation fluoroscopy and procedure time. Volume 31 of Issue 11. 2008. PMID: 18950296

  75. Turakhia M, Prasad M, Olgin J, Badhwar N, Tseng ZH, Lee R, Marcus GM, Lee BK. Rates and severity of perforation from implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads: a 4-year study. Volume 24 of Issue 1. 2008. PMID: 18855128

  76. Pellegrini CN, Lee K, Olgin JE, Turakhia MP, Tseng ZH, Lee R, Badhwar N, Lee B, Varosy PD. Impact of advanced age on survival in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Volume 10 of Issue 11. 2008. PMID: 18818212

  77. McCabe JM, Smith LM, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE, Marcus GM. Protracted CRP elevation after atrial fibrillation ablation. Volume 31 of Issue 9. 2008. PMID: 18834466

  78. Marcus GM, Smith LM, Whiteman D, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. Alcohol intake is significantly associated with atrial flutter in patients under 60 years of age and a shorter right atrial effective refractory period. Volume 31 of Issue 3. 2008. PMID: 18307620

  79. Marcus GM, Smith LM, Vittinghoff E, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. A first-degree family history in lone atrial fibrillation patients. Volume 5 of Issue 6. 2008. PMID: 18468961

  80. Marcus GM, Hoang KL, Hunt SA, Chun SH, Lee BK. QT dispersion is not associated with sudden cardiac death or mortality in heart transplant recipients. 2008. PMID: 18948241

  81. Marcus GM, Smith LM, Glidden DV, Wilson E, McCabe JM, Whiteman D, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. Markers of inflammation before and after curative ablation of atrial flutter. Volume 5 of Issue 2. 2007. PMID: 18242542

  82. Day JD, Doshi RN, Belott P, Birgersdotter-Green U, Behboodikhah M, Ott P, Glatter KA, Tobias S, Frumin H, Lee BK, Merillat J, Wiener I, Wang S, Grogin H, Chun S, Patrawalla R, Crandall B, Osborn JS, Weiss JP, Lappe DL, Neuman S. Inductionless or limited shock testing is possible in most patients with implantable cardioverter- defibrillators/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators: results of the multicenter ASSURE Study (Arrhythmia Single Shock Defibrillation Threshold T 2007. PMID: 17470697

  83. Turakhia MP, Varosy PD, Lee K, Tseng ZH, Lee R, Badhwar N, Scheinman M, Lee BK, Olgin JE. Impact of renal function on survival in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Volume 30 of Issue 3. 2007. PMID: 17367357

  84. Viswanathan MN, Tseng ZH, Goldschlager N, Lee BK. Unusual atrial-paced tachycardia after pacemaker implantation: what is the mechanism? Volume 4 of Issue 6. 2007. PMID: 17556209

  85. Heidenreich PA, Schnittger I, Strauss HW, Vagelos RH, Lee BK, Mariscal CS, Tate DJ, Horning SJ, Hoppe RT, Hancock SL. Screening for coronary artery disease after mediastinal irradiation for Hodgkin's disease. 2007. PMID: 17194904

  86. Johnston PE, France DJ, Byrne DW, Murff HJ, Lee B, Stiles RA, Speroff T. Assessment of adverse drug events among patients in a tertiary care medical center. 2006. PMID: 17090742

  87. Marcus GM, Ren X, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Foster E, Olgin JE. Repeat transseptal catheterization after ablation for atrial fibrillation. Volume 18 of Issue 1. 2006. PMID: 17081207

  88. Marcus GM, Yang Y, Varosy PD, Ordovas K, Tseng ZH, Badhwar N, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM, Olgin JE. Regional left atrial voltage in patients with atrial fibrillation. Volume 4 of Issue 2. 2006. PMID: 17275746

  89. Marcus GM, Lee BK, Scheinman MM. Initiation of antidromic reciprocating tachycardia: what is the mechanism? 2006. PMID: 16818224

  90. Heidenreich PA, Hancock SL, Vagelos RH, Lee BK, Schnittger I. Diastolic dysfunction after mediastinal irradiation. 2005. PMID: 16290974

  91. O'Connell JW, Schreck C, Moles M, Badwar N, DeMarco T, Olgin J, Lee B, Tseng Z, Kumar U, Botvinick EH. A unique method by which to quantitate synchrony with equilibrium radionuclide angiography. Volume 12 of Issue 4. 2005. PMID: 16084433

  92. Matsushita T, Badhwar N, Collins KK, Van Hare GF, Barbato G, Lee BK, Lee RJ, Scheinman MM. Usefulness of a ventricular extrastimulus from the summit of the ventricular septum in diagnosis of septal accessory pathway in patients with supraventricular tachycardia. 2004. PMID: 14996601

  93. Heidenreich PA, Hancock SL, Lee BK, Mariscal CS, Schnittger I. Asymptomatic cardiac disease following mediastinal irradiation. 2003. PMID: 12932613